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IntroductionDiabetic retinopathy is a progressive microangiopathy characterized by damage and occlusion of small blood vessels. The earliest pathologic changes are thickening of the capillary endothelial basement membrane and a reduction in the number of pericits. Diabetic retinopathy is the main cause of vision loss in type 1 of DM patients and has various risk factors such as chronic hyperglycemia, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and elevated HbA1C levels.

Methods. This research was conducted using a descriptive observational analytic method with a cross sectional approach at The Eye Polyclinic  Dr. Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital Palembang used secondary data on diabetic retinopathy patients. The sample consisted of 64 patients with a total sampling technique, there were 50 patients who met the inclusion criteria.

ResultsThere was a significant relationship between HbA1C levels (p value = 0.050) with a PR value = 1.463 and total cholesterol (p value = 0.038) with a PR value = 1.667 for diabetic retinopathy.

Conclusion. HbA1C levels and total cholesterol are significant risk factors for diabetic retinopathy.


Diabetic retinopathy DR risk factors

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How to Cite
Harumi, N. D., & Ramzi Amin. (2021). Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy. Sriwijaya Journal of Ophthalmology, 3(2), 42-47.